my blog entry

nilay ozdemir
20030410
Second Field Trip:
İn our second field trip our starting point is Kadir Has University which was old tobacco company.Mostly women employers and Ottoman was a major producer of tobacco those times.This was a big industrial cooperation.The original part is made of steel which is seen as a major piece of modern industry. Before ,Habsburg, France were using this building and the desing of it by French architects.The place was one of the heels of Golden Horn by creating a flat platform.This company was important because there was a social dimension about this. Especiall, Cibali neighbourhood survived by this tobacco company. Last 20 years all things started to change and a piece of Industrial archeology starts bringing people to this neighbourhood. In other words, transformation started! Social justification that is seen as a strong effect on the life of this city. There are series of harbours,shipyards(fast ship builders, docking place,) and Ottoman empire realized about this and started to make an action…Tahtakale and Galeta areas became important. Population changed effectively.Moreover in this trip we moved on to the different buildings. Gul Camii, Kanli Kilise, Fethiye Camii are one of them. Gul camii The building is located in Istanbul, in the district of Fatih, in the neighborhood of Ayakapi (Gate of the Saint), along Vakif Mektebi Sokak. It lies at the end of the valley which divides the fourth and the fifth hills of Constantinople, and from its imposing position it overlooks the Golden Horn.It is one of the most important religious Byzantine buildings of Constantinople still extant, but its dedication and the date of its construction, which for long time appeared certain, are now disputed by scholars. It is either identified with the church belonging to the nunnery of Saint Theodosia. The building, since Stephan Gerlach visited it in the late 15th century, has always been identified with the church of Hagia.The building lies on a high basement, which was used also during the Byzantine period only for secular purposes. The masonary of the basement has been built adopting the technique of the “recessed brick”, typical of the Byzantine architecture of the middle period. In this technique, alternate courses of bricks are mounted behind the line of the wall, and are plunged in mortar bed.The building has a cross-in-square plan, which is oriented northwest – southeast. It is 26 meters long and 20 meters wide, and is surmounted by five domes, one above the central nave and four smaller placed on the four corners.The interior of the building was plastered and decorated in the 18th century. One enters through a wooden porch which leads to a low narthex surmounted by a barrel vault. From there a triple arcade leads into the tall nave, which is flanked by galleries forming the side arms of the cross. Carved inside each of the two eastern dome piers there is a small chamber. The south east chamber contains the alleged tomb of the Ottoman Saint Gül Baba.
The other intersting monument for me is Theotokos Panagia Mougliotissa (full name in Greek: Θεοτòκος Παναγιώτισσα (pr. Theotokos Panaghiótissa, lit. “All-Holy Theotokos”) or Παναγία Μουχλιώτισσα (pr. Panaghia Muchliótissa); Turkish name: Kanlı Kilise (meaning:Bloody Church), is an Eastern Orthodox church in Istanbul. It is the only Byzantine church of Constantinople that has never been converted to a mosque, always remaining open to the Greek Orthodox Church .The church, which usually is not open to the public and lies behind a high wall, is placed in the district of Fatih, in the neighborhood of Fener. It lies on Tevkii Cafer Mektebi Sokak, at the summit of a slope overlooking the Golden Horn, and near to the imposing building of the Phanar Greek Orthodox College. The complex lies behind a high wall, and it is usually not open to the public. Although it has always remained in Greek hands, the building has been modified much more heavily than those which have been converted into mosques. The dome rests on a cross formed by four half-domes. The narthex has three bays, whose central bay is covered by a barrel vault. On the south side, the church has been demolished and rebuilt, and the southern half dome and the southern bay of the narthex have been removed and replaced by three aisles. Under the church are visible excavations, and an underground passage which is said to reach Hagia Sophia (although the two buildings are several kilometers apart). Despite its historical importance, the church has never been studied from an architectural point of view.
Lastly, from my point of view Istanbul is full of monuments, buildings… etc that can harly be visited and I think there are many hidden ones that will be found in the future. I may see or not…

NİLAY OZDEMİR

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Published in: on January 8, 2010 at 22:45  Leave a Comment  

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